Now many people with or even without the slightest interest in science must have heard about a black hole, it seems to be getting more popular by the day, but many people have a shallow knowledge on what it actually it or what it can really do.
So today I'll be giving an overview on black holes, their formation and locations, just make sure you read to the end, I guarantee it'll be fun and you'd grab some new information as you progress.
Black hole are one of the most mysterious objects in space, so mysterious that it captured the attention of great scientists like Steven Hawkins and Albert Einstein (which he predicted its existence in the year 1916 with his general theory of relativity)
The name of this stellar body already suggest the meaning "black hole". It is actually black because of the immense gravity produced by it, the gravity is so strong that even light is not able to escape it.
This means that since light can't reflect of it, it is practically invisible to the normal human eyes, so if its invisible, how did we discover it you may ask. Well we are able to observe black holes and study them by detecting their effect on other matter nearby,
if a black hole passes through a pile of space matter(s), the space matter(s) will be drawn into it through its event horizon by a process called accretion,
we are able to see the matter disappear forever which is usually a good indication of their presence.
There are three types of black holes and each of them have different formation
1. STELLA BLACK HOLES:
these are the Smallest of black holes, but don't be deceived they are very dense and powerful black holes. Formed from the death of stars usually more than 3 times bigger than the size of our sun.
When a star runs out of fuel, the remaining mass of the star may collapse on its self because of the great gravity within it, forming a stellar black hole.
2. INTERMEDIATE BLACK HOLES:
much isn't known about these black holes since there are not so many evidence on their existence.
But we do know that they could be form when stars in a cluster collide in a chain reaction that results in the buildup of extremely massive stars, which then collapse to form medium size black holes.
3. SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES:
these are the biggest of all black holes, and they are usually found in the center of galaxies. These black holes are usually million or billions of times as heavy as our sun but they are just the same size as our sun.
We are not sure of how this massive black holes are formed, but we assume that they could be formed as a result of hundreds or
thousands of black holes that merge together or Large gas clouds could also be responsible, collapsing together and rapidly accreting mass forming it.
Thanks for reading